Ayurveda and Yoga, Ancient Sister Sciences
Ayurveda and yoga are sister Vedic sciences which have been united for 1000’s of years for the sake of therapeutic physique, thoughts, and consciousness. Generally talking, Ayurveda offers extra with the well being of the physique, whereas yoga offers with purifying the thoughts and consciousness, however in actuality they complement and embrace one another.
The historic rishis (seers) had been the unique masters of all Vedic sciences. They understood that good well being is a superb asset on the trail towards Self-realization. If the physique is uncared for it might simply turn into an impediment to religious follow. Anyone who has practiced meditation for any size of time would conform to how tough it may be to take a seat nonetheless for lengthy intervals of time with out feeling discomfort and fatigue. Both yoga and Ayurveda are mutually supportive and supply some ways to forestall and heal numerous problems in addition to to cleanse and rejuvenate the physique.
Besides sharing a philosophical basis, each programs have many similarities in relation to angle, diet, weight loss program, hygiene, train, cleaning practices, in addition to religious practices. Traditionally, a scholar of yoga would first dwell near and serve the guru for a few years, throughout which period he would be taught wholesome habits. The primary Ayurvedic ideas for well being and longevity had been previous on within the lineage in oral kind to function a basis for a lifetime of sadhana (religious follow).
Nowadays, the teachings of yoga are simply out there to all, and whether or not ready or not we will leap headlong into its follow. This has its blessings, within the sense that extra individuals will be turned on to the teachings, though a lot is usually misplaced with out the parampara, or shut steering on the ft of an completed grasp. With this in thoughts, trendy yoga practitioners would most actually profit from a primary data of Ayurveda to assist set up a wholesome each day routine and regulate their follow based on the structure, dosha imbalance, season, and so on, to forestall illness and promote longevity.
First, let’s check out the similarities between yoga and Ayurveda:
* Both are historic Vedic teachings. Yoga originates within the Yajur Veda, whereas Ayurveda originates within the Atharva Veda and Rig Veda.
* Both acknowledge that retaining the physique wholesome is significant for fulfilling the 4 goals of life: Dharma (obligation), Artha (wealth), Kama (need), and Moksha (liberation).
* Both acknowledge that the stability of doshas (humors), dhatus (tissues), and malas (waste merchandise) is important for sustaining good well being.
* Both share just about the identical metaphysical anatomy and physiology, which consists of 72,000 nadis (refined channels), 7 important chakras (vitality facilities), 5 bodily sheaths, and the Kundalini Shakti (vitality).
* Both advocate using weight loss program, herbs, asana, pranayama, meditation, mantra, astrology, prayer, puja, and rituals for therapeutic all the being.
* Both encourage bodily well being as a great basis for psychological, emotional, and religious well-being.
* Both share the identical view on psychology. Ayurveda embraces all six of the principle colleges of philosophy together with the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and Vedanta (a non-dual philosophical and religious path). They each perceive that the attachment to the body-mind advanced is the basis reason for all struggling and that the final word state of well being is skilled after we abide in our true nature, which is complete peace, whatever the state of the bodily physique.
* Both use cleaning strategies for the physique, all of which encourage the removing of waste merchandise and toxins by way of their pure routes of elimination. Ayurveda has panchakarma (5 cleaning actions) and yoga makes use of Shat Karma (six purification measures).
Ayurvedic method to asana follow
The use of asana, pranayama, and meditation for therapeutic is called Yoga Chikitsa, or Yoga Therapy and has been used for 1000’s of years by Ayurvedic and yogic adepts. In Yoga Chikitsa, a gaggle of yogic workout routines are chosen that may greatest assist the person and are practiced each day. This will be accomplished over an prolonged time period at the side of an Ayurvedic regime and natural and dietary therapies. Yoga Chikitsa additionally performs an integral function within the Ayurvedic cleaning and rejuvenation course of generally known as panchakarma.
For a effectively balanced private yoga follow, it is very important take into accounts the person’s physique construction, prakruti (unique structure), and vikruti (current constitutional imbalance). The following are normal suggestions based on the predominant dosha.
Vata predominant people ought to bear in mind to give attention to calming, grounding, stillness, strengthening, and balancing whereas doing their follow.
Precautions for vata:
* Vinyasa or stream types of yoga have a tendency to maneuver too shortly from one pose to the subsequent and can worsen the hyper-mobile high quality of vata over time. Flow sequences will be made to be extra vata pacifying if they aren’t excessively lengthy, the size of time poses are held is prolonged, and transitions are accomplished slowly and consciously.
* Those with decrease again issues might discover that bending the knees in standing ahead bends can forestall discomfort.
* Back bends needs to be accomplished slowly, fastidiously and inside one’s personal limits.
Pitta people ought to keep a peaceful, cool, and relaxed intention whereas doing asanas. Pitta varieties might profit from attempting to domesticate an angle of forgiveness, and of surrendering or providing the fruits of their follow to the divine of to these in want of optimistic therapeutic vitality. Because asana follow tends to generate warmth within the physique, it’s best to do them at cooling occasions of the day, similar to daybreak or nightfall. Also, it’s helpful to put some emphasis on poses that assist to launch extra warmth from the physique, similar to poses that compress the photo voltaic plexus and poses that open the chest like.
Kapha varieties are typically sedentary and typically dislike vigorous train. For this purpose, their follow needs to be energetic, warming, lightening, and stimulating, offering they’re bodily succesful. Vinyasa or stream type yoga is nice for kapha as a result of it’s dynamic and strikes shortly from one pose to the subsequent, it induces sweating and will get the center pumping.
Yoga poses that tackle particular doshic issues will be simply added to an Ayurvedic regime and built-in into an current yoga routine, or they are often organized as a small session with the assistance of an Ayurvedic clinician who is aware of every particular person case effectively and may help arrange a effectively balanced program based on the wants of every consumer.
Ayurveda additionally provides Yoga Chikitsa, or Yoga Therapy, for particular doshic problems. It is suggested to seek the advice of an Ayurvedic practitioner for an individualized regime.
Ayurvedic Approach to Pranayama (respiratory methods).
The final aim of pranayama is to calm the thoughts and put together it for meditation. It additionally has a therapeutic impact on the bodily physique as effectively. It shouldn’t be important to do a pranayama follow based on dosha, however figuring out its results on the physique is a priceless software for administration of the doshas. Below is a normal checklist of pranayama and bandha workout routines based on dosha.
Vata: Nadi Shodhana, Kapala Bhati, Agnisara Dhauti, Ujjayi, Tri Bandha, Maha Mudra.
Pitta: Sheetali or Sitkari, Nadi shodhana.
Kapha: Bastrika, Agnisara Dhauti, Kapala Bhati, Ashvini Mudra (contracting and releasing Mula Bandha), Ashvini Mudra, Ujjayi, Tri Bandha, Maha Mudra.
Furthermore, the Four Purifications taught in our workshops is an historic technique from the Ashtanga Yoga for purifying the gross and refined physique in an effort to put together it for extra superior practices. They are tridoshic and protected for everybody, offering they’re carried out accurately.
Meditation According to Dosha.
These religious paths and their meditation methods will be practiced by anybody, no matter their prakruti. This checklist is just supposed to offer an thought on how dosha can assist or affect one’s religious follow. Many traditions of yoga mix numerous facets of the paths listed right here.
* Vata: Kriya Yoga or Ashtanga Yoga and different structured methods assist to maintain vata stabilized and targeted.
* Pitta: Jnana Yoga and Vedanta are good for pitta varieties as a result of they typically have sharp intellects and have a eager curiosity in self-study (Atma-vichara).
* Kapha: Bhakti yoga is pure for kapha varieties as a result of they’re typically loving and devotional by nature.
Ayurvedic and Yogic Diet.
Ayurveda is extra involved with meals being constitutionally balanced, whereas Yoga promotes a weight loss program that’s sattwic (gentle and pure). A mix of each facets is your best option for a yogi or anybody desirous to make actual progress on a religious path.
Ayurvedic weight loss program:
* According to dosha.
* Primarily vegetarian (meat is used as drugs, primarily for excessive deficiencies).
* Primarily cooked (uncooked meals carefully, particularly for vata varieties).
* Containing six tastes.
Yogic weight loss program:
* Sattwic vegetarian weight loss program.
* Easy to digest.
* Simple meals (to restrict need).
* Both cooked and uncooked.
* Foods beneficial within the Hatha Yoga Pradipika include rejuvenating substances similar to wheat, complete grain, white basmati, corn, uncooked milk, uncooked sugar, butter, ghee, honey, dried ginger, mung beans, pure water, greens.
* Fruits, roots and nuts.
* Avoiding extreme scorching, bitter, salty, fermented, and fried meals.
* Avoiding tamasic (dulling) meals like meat, onions, garlic and mushrooms as a daily a part of the each day weight loss program.
Cleansing in Yoga and Ayurveda.
Ayurveda and Yoga each emphasize cleaning of the physique for well being and assist of religious practices. Their strategies are comparable and work by expelling extra dosha and ama, or toxins, utilizing the physique’s pure routes of elimination.
The yogic technique is understood within the Ashtanga custom as Shat Karma, or six cleaning measures. These are:
1. Neti (nasal cleaning):
Jala neti (salt water flushing of the sinuses).
Sutra neti (nasal cleansing with string).
2. Dhauti (washing the GI tract).
Teeth, tongue, eyes, ears and brow.
Vamana Dhauti (vomiting salt water).
Vastra Dhauti (washing with a material).
Varisara Dhauti (washing with water for purgation).
3. Basti (enema).
4. Trataka (brow wash, gazing right into a candle flame).
5. Nauli (intestinal washing, belly rolling).
6. Kapala Bhati (cranium shining).
The Ayurvedic technique for cleaning and rejuvenation is called panchakarma (pancha karma), or 5 cleaning actions. This program is often accomplished for every week or two, however can be accomplished for longer intervals relying on the case. The 5 actions of this technique are:
1. Basti (Enema).
2. Nasya (Nasal utility of herbs and natural oils).
3. Vamana (Therapeutic vomiting).
4. Virechana (Purgation).
5. Rakta Moksha (Blood letting).
It is clear that Ayurveda and yoga not solely complement one another. Both sciences really embrace one another as they share similarities and elementary ideas on many ranges. Ayurveda and yoga ought to go hand in hand if we wish to obtain optimum well being, peace, and longevity.