Three Major Concepts of Psychoanalytic Theory – A Brief Summarization

Sigmund Freud was most famous for his 5 stage idea of human growth. This idea originated by means of his remark and thorough documentation of adults’ recollections of reminiscences throughout remedy periods and was conceptualized by Sigmund Freud himself. Freud started his work within the 1880’s, and by the top of the 1890’s, his idea started to tackle extra of the formal attributes of its 5 levels. The idea was in response primarily to sufferers with hysterical signs who had reported sexual traumas that occurred early of their lives and the following repression, or unconscious “pushing away”, of these sexual traumas in addition to different uncomfortable ideas of earlier life occasions. Although a complete overview of all of the underlying assumptions relating to Freud’s idea of character idea and the huge amount of data that he wrote throughout his lifetime that will be just about inconceivable to sum up, even over a interval of a few years are far past the scope of this venture, some of the foremost assumptions will likely be mentioned. However, with respect to the general information base and for the profit of higher understanding of the 5 stage idea, it’s my opinion that, previous to dialogue of his stage idea of character growth, it’s important that his theories of the division of the thoughts and his parts of character are talked about as these two main ideas are intricately intertwined along with his 5 stage idea.

One main idea and underlying assumption of Freud’s idea subdivides the human thoughts into three distinct classes. According to his idea, the parts of the thoughts embrace the acutely aware, pre-acutely aware and sub-acutely aware areas (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). As is implied by the title, the acutely aware thoughts consists of these issues of which we’re at present conscious and to which we’re at present attentive. The acutely aware thoughts additionally consists of our present pondering processes, behaviors and environmental consciousness. Hence, it may be clearly concluded that the acutely aware thoughts constitutes the foremost half of our present consciousness. This idea may be validated as most individuals have, once in a while, heard statements from others similar to, “I have a clean conscious”, or “I was not conscious of that at the time”, in informal conversations. Also in accordance with Freud’s Theory, the preconscious thoughts consisted of all these issues of which we’re conscious, however at present aren’t attentive (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). He additional conceived that we are able to select to concentrate to those and intentionally convey them into the acutely aware thoughts. Finally, with respect to the pre-acutely aware thoughts, Freud believed that we are able to management our consciousness to a sure extent, from focusing in very intently on one acutely aware act to a wider consciousness that seeks to develop consciousness to incorporate as a lot of preconscious data as attainable. At the unconscious degree, the method and content material are out of direct attain of the acutely aware thoughts. The unconscious thus thinks and acts independently (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). One of Freud’s key findings was that a lot conduct is pushed immediately from the unconscious thoughts. This has the alarming consequence that we’re largely unable to manage our conduct, and specifically that which we’d typically favor to keep away from. More latest analysis has proven that the unconscious thoughts might be much more in cost of our actions than even Freud had realized Murphy, 2001).

Three main parts of character had been included in Freud’s huge, total idea. These parts embrace the Id, the Ego and the Super ego. The Id accommodates our primitive drives and operates largely in accordance with the pleasure precept, whereby its two predominant objectives are the searching for of pleasure and the avoidance of ache (Freud, 1962). Freud goes on to say that it has no actual notion of actuality and seeks to fulfill its wants by means of what he known as the first processes that dominate the existence of infants, together with starvation and self-safety. Unlike the Id, the Ego is conscious of actuality and operates utilizing the fact precept. The actuality precept implies that the Ego acknowledges what’s actual and understands that behaviors have penalties. This consists of the results of social guidelines which can be obligatory with a purpose to reside and socialize with different folks. It makes use of secondary processes similar to notion, recognition, judgment and reminiscence which can be developed throughout childhood. The dilemma of the Ego is that it has to in some way steadiness the calls for of the Id and Super ego with the constraints of actuality (Freud, 1962). The Ego controls larger psychological processes similar to reasoning and downside-fixing, which it makes use of to unravel the Id-Super ego dilemma, creatively discovering methods to securely fulfill the Id’s fundamental urges throughout the constraints of the Super ego. The Super ego accommodates our values and social morals, which frequently come from the foundations of proper and flawed that we realized in childhood from our dad and mom and are contained within the conscience. The Super ego has a mannequin of an ego supreme which it makes use of as a prototype in opposition to which to check the ego and in direction of which it encourages the ego to maneuver. The Super ego is a counterbalance to the Id, and seeks to inhibit the Id’s pleasure-searching for calls for, notably these for intercourse and aggression.

Now we flip to what’s the most well-known facet of Freudian idea, the 5 levels of human growth. This idea sprung from Freud’s observations of adults’ recollections in remedy of their lives (Freud, 2003 revised ed.). He said on this work that kids weren’t immediately noticed. Although Freud’s idea has been roundly criticized for its lack of scientific character, it does stand nevertheless as a grand metaphor for describing character. The levels of growth embrace the Oral Stage which is the primary stage. This stage begins at delivery and customarily ends at roughly 2 years of age. In the oral stage, infants and toddlers discover the world primarily with their most delicate space, i.e., their mouths. They additionally be taught to make use of their mouths to speak. The subsequent stage is the Anal Stage. This stage normally begins round 2 years of age and final for a few 12 months. In the anal stage, kids realized to manage the elimination of bodily wastes. The Phallic Stage is the following stage. It usually begins at round 3 years and final till about age 5. The Phallic Stage might be probably the most controversial of all of the levels as a result of of the robust sexual underlying rules with respect to reverse dad and mom at such an early age in life. To additional clarify, the controversy comes from Freud’s description of the Oedipus and Electra complexes, with their attendant ideas of castration nervousness and penis envy, respectively. The Oedipus Complex refers to a son’s sexual attraction to his mom whereas the Electra Complex implies simply the alternative. Those complexes lead, in accordance with Freudian idea, to regular differentiation of female and male personalities. The protection mechanism of repression was invoked to elucidate why nobody may keep in mind the occasions of this stage. In this stage, Freud additionally theorizes that kids uncover their sexual variations and inequalities. The phallic stage is adopted by a Latency Period by which little new growth is observable. In this stage, boys play with boys, and women with women, sometimes. Sexual curiosity is low or non-existent. The ultimate stage is the Genital Stage. It began round 12 years of age and ends with the climax of puberty. Sexual pursuits re-awaken right now. However, the sexual pursuits that come about throughout this era are applicable and are towards real companions reasonably than reverse dad and mom.

It is my assertion that an arbitrary and considerably capricious character can simply be concluded from Freud’s theoretical framework. As it did with me, the significance of the divisions of the thoughts and the foremost parts of character with respect to choice making processes and applicable development by means of every stage of growth must also turn out to be obvious. To additional clarify, an individual’s degree of consciousness of self and environment must be immediately proportional to a profitable transition from delivery to maturity. The earlier in life this consciousness begins must also enhance the probability of profitable character growth. Freud’s assumptions in regards to the perform of social work aren’t clear, but it surely does seem {that a} agency understanding of his main ideas can be very helpful to have when working in utilized social settings. That is to say, with respect to purposes in actual time social work observe conditions for instance, it might be most advantageous to know if an individual has efficiently and functionally developed as an grownup, if they’ve a eager sense of consciousness or if repression of previous reminiscences are elements. I actually imagine that the aforementioned purposes are additionally the foremost strengths of Freud’s idea. As beforehand talked about, Freud’s work was so intensive that it’s tough, albeit not inconceivable, to find out its efficacy most often. The approach I see it’s that most often Freud was profitable. Although it can’t be precisely or adequately quantified as in comparison with utilized conduct evaluation, for instance, it seems that the appliance of his ideas could possibly be helpful to most anybody.


American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (fifth ed.). Washington, DC

Freud, S. (1962). The Ego and The Id (The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud). N.Y., New York. W.W. Norton and Company

Freud, S. (2002 revised ed.). Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. N.Y., New York: Basic Books

Freud, S. (2003 revised ed.). An Outline of Psychoanalysis. N.Y., New York: Penguin Classics

Murphy, Joseph (2001). The Power of the Subconscious Mind. N.Y., New York: Bantam

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