IIT Kharagpur researchers develop air-borne mobile telecom tower for emergencies – kolkata

A crew of researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Kharagpur in West Bengal has developed a drone fleet which may present transportable and air-borne 5G communication community.

Researchers mentioned that the UAVs may function air-borne mobile telecom towers throughout emergencies akin to pure disasters when land-based mostly communication networks are broken by earthquake and floods.

“The system includes an Android-based application fitted to a fleet of drones which are programmed to create emergency communication networks by extending cellular network coverage from the closest available mobile towers,” mentioned Debarati Sen, a professor at GS School of Telecommunication at IIT Kharagpur, who led the crew.

The crew has submitted a report back to the union ministry of electronics and data know-how which funded the venture.

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UAVs pose a significant problem because the battery lifetime of the gadget is nearly 45 minutes. This makes them it troublesome to take care of consistency within the service. Scientists mentioned that in an emergency scenario, it’s essential to guard important knowledge inside a micro span of time.

“Through intelligent programming, we can deploy the 5G-connected drone fleet in a particular location as soon as the first emergency signal is flagged. Endangered data in the telecommunication backbone network could be retrieved within the first three minutes of the occurrence of a disaster. The drones will relay the data to the rescue server which is located thousands of miles away while restoring the network connection through the nearest mobile tower,” mentioned Sen

In the case of community disruptions, the drones can intelligently keep away from them by altering their places and bypassing the jam.

In addition to knowledge safety, the fleet may be used to find survivors and supply emergency assist whereas reducing the time for first responders. Rescuers and officers travelling to an affected area devoid of any mobile community may be auto-related to such drone companies close by as they search for the mobile community.

“We have already studied the performance of the UAV network in situations of emergency response in disaster management and maintenance of the quality of service by deploying a fleet of four unmanned aerial vehicles. We have used network coverage data of various mobile service providers in the northeastern states to verify the functionality,” Sen mentioned.

The crew is now making an attempt to convey down the price of such a UAV system by reprogramming to make the system inexpensive for varied public our bodies.

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