‘Tagore’s vision for Visva-Bharati University essence of self-reliant India’: PM – kolkata

Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that Rabindranath Tagore’s vision for the Visva-Bharati University is the idea for the decision for a independent India, including that the decision was made for the world’s profit too.

“Rabindranath Tagore called for a ‘swadeshi samaj’. He wanted to see self-reliance in agriculture, commerce and business, art, literature etc. Tagore wanted the entire humanity to benefit from India’s spiritual awakening. The vision for a self-reliant India is also a derivative of this sentiment. The call for a self reliant India is for the world’s benefit too,” he stated.

Also Read: PM Modi on Tagore’s Gujarat link, Srimati Hutteesingh and Jnanadanandini Devi

Speaking on the centenary celebrations of Visva-Bharati University in West Bengal’s Santiniketan, he stated that the college was a venerable supply of fixed vitality to the nation and the concepts originated there have been being carried ahead by the nation within the worldwide sphere.

“India is the only major country which is moving in the right direction to achieve the targets of the Paris Agreement,” he stated.

West Bengal Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar and Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal had been additionally current on the occasion.

Visva-Bharati University, based by Rabindranath Tagore in 1921, is the oldest Central University within the nation. In May 1951, the college was declared to be a Central University and an Institution of National Importance by an Act of Parliament.

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Here’s how brain implants might soon help restore rudimentary vision for blind people – more lifestyle

Restoring vision for visually impaired people might soon be a actuality with the help of brain implants, attributable to latest discoveries on the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN), which had been revealed within the journal Science. The examine has revealed that newly developed excessive-decision implants within the visible cortex of people who’re blind will make it doable for them to know artificially induced percepts and shapes.

The idea of stimulating the brain through an implant to generate synthetic visible percepts just isn’t new in any respect and dates again to the Nineteen Seventies. However, the present methods can solely generate a small variety of these synthetic “pixels” at any given time. Researchers from a group led by Pieter Roelfsema at NIN at the moment are utilizing new implant manufacturing and implantation applied sciences, superior supplies engineering, microchip manufacturing, and microelectronics, to develop more secure units and sturdy than earlier implants. The preliminary outcomes are very promising.

Electrical stimulation

When electrical stimulation is delivered to the brain through an implanted electrode, it generates the notion of some extent of sunshine at a specific location in visible house, referred to as a “phosphene”. The group developed excessive-decision implants consisting of 1,024 electrodes and implanted them within the visible cortex of two sighted monkeys. Their aim was to create interpretable photographs by delivering electrical stimulation concurrently through a number of electrodes, to generate a percept composed of a number of phosphenes.

Roelfsema says “The number of electrodes we have implanted in the visual cortex and the number of artificial pixels we can generate to produce high-resolution artificial images are unprecedented”.

Recognize dots, strains and letters

The monkeys throughout the analysis had been first required to carry out a easy behavioral process during which they made eye actions with the intention to sign the placement of a phosphene that was triggered throughout electrical stimulation by a person electrode. They had been additional examined on more complicated duties similar to a movement route process, during which micro-stimulation was delivered on a sequence of electrodes, and a letter discrimination process, during which micro-stimulation was delivered to eight to fifteen electrodes concurrently. , making a percept within the type of a letter. The monkeys had been capable of acknowledge shapes and percepts, together with strains, shifting dots, and letters, utilizing their synthetic vision.

Xing Chen, a postdoctoral researcher within the Roelfsema group defined, “Our implant interfaces directly with the brain, bypassing prior stages of visual processing via the eye or the optic nerve. Hence, in the future, such technology could be used for the restoration of low vision in blind people who have suffered injury or degeneration of the retina, eye or optic nerve, but whose cortex visual remains intact”.

This analysis lays the foundations for a neuroprosthetic machine that might allow profoundly blind people to regain purposeful vision and to acknowledge objects, navigate in unfamiliar environments, and work together more simply in social settings, considerably bettering their independence and high quality of life.

(This story has been revealed from a wire company feed with out modifications to the textual content. Only the headline has been modified.)

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Study focuses on restoring rudimentary form of vision in the blind – science

Restoration of vision in blind folks by a mind implant is on the verge of changing into actuality. Recent discoveries at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN) present that newly developed excessive-decision implants in the visible cortex make it doable to recognise artificially induced shapes and percepts.

The findings have been printed in the journal Science.

The concept of stimulating the mind through an implant to generate synthetic visible percepts is just not new and dates again to the Seventies. However, present programs are solely in a position to generate a small quantity of synthetic ‘pixels’ at a time. At the NIN, researchers from a workforce led by Pieter Roelfsema at the moment are utilizing new implant manufacturing and implantation applied sciences, chopping-edge supplies engineering, microchip fabrication, and microelectronics, to develop units which are extra secure and sturdy than earlier implants. The first outcomes are very promising.

Electrical stimulation

When electrical stimulation is delivered to the mind through an implanted electrode, it generates the percept of a dot of gentle at a selected location in visible area, often called a ‘phosphene.’ The workforce developed excessive-decision implants consisting of 1024 electrodes and implanted them in the visible cortex of two sighted monkeys. Their aim was to create interpretable photos by delivering electrical stimulation concurrently through a number of electrodes, to generate a percept that was composed of a number of phosphenes. “The number of electrodes that we have implanted in the visual cortex, and the number of artificial pixels that we can generate to produce high-resolution artificial images, is unprecedented,” says Roelfsema.

Recognizing dots, strains and letters

The monkeys first needed to carry out a easy behavioural activity in which they made eye actions to report the location of a phosphene that was elicited throughout electrical stimulation through a person electrode. They have been additionally examined on extra complicated duties akin to a direction-of-motion activity, in which micro-stimulation was delivered on a sequence of electrodes, and a letter discrimination activity, in which micro-stimulation was delivered on 8-15 electrodes concurrently, making a percept in the form of a letter. The monkeys efficiently acknowledged shapes and percepts, together with strains, shifting dots, and letters, utilizing their synthetic vision.

“Our implant interfaces directly with the brain, bypassing prior stages of visual processing via the eye or the optic nerve. Hence, in the future, such technology could be used for the restoration of low vision in blind people who have suffered injury or degeneration of the retina, eye, or optic nerve, but whose visual cortex remains intact,” explains Xing Chen, a postdoctoral researcher in Roelfsema’s workforce.

This analysis lays the foundations for a neuroprosthetic system that would permit profoundly blind folks to regain purposeful vision and to acknowledge objects, navigate in unfamiliar environment, and work together extra simply in social settings, considerably enhancing their independence and high quality of life.

(This story has been printed from a wire company feed with out modifications to the textual content.)

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New gene therapy developed for treating eye disease that leads to a progressive loss of vision – fitness

Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have developed a new gene therapy method that provides promise for someday treating an eye disease that leads to a progressive loss of vision and impacts 1000’s of folks throughout the globe.

The research, which concerned a collaboration with scientific groups within the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital and the Mater Hospital, additionally has implications for a a lot wider suite of neurological issues related to ageing.

The scientists printed their leads to main journal, Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Dominant optic atrophy (DOA)

Characterised by degeneration of the optic nerves, DOA usually begins to trigger signs in sufferers of their early grownup years. These embody reasonable vision loss and a few color vision defects, however severity varies, signs can worsen over time and a few folks might grow to be blind. There is presently no approach to forestall or remedy DOA.

A gene (OPA1) offers directions for making a protein that is present in cells and tissues all through the physique, and which is pivotal for sustaining correct perform in mitochondria, that are the power producers in cells.

Without the protein made by OPA1, mitochondrial perform is sub-optimum and the mitochondrial community which in wholesome cells is properly interconnected is extremely disrupted.

For these residing with DOA, it’s mutations in OPA1 and the dysfunctional mitochondria that are accountable for the onset and development of the dysfunction.

The new gene therapy

The scientists, led by Dr Daniel Maloney and Professor Jane Farrar from Trinity’s School of Genetics and Microbiology, have developed a new gene therapy, which efficiently protected the visible perform of mice who have been handled with a chemical focusing on the mitochondria and have been consequently residing with dysfunctional mitochondria.

The scientists additionally discovered that their gene therapy improved mitochondrial efficiency in human cells that contained mutations within the OPA1 gene, providing hope that it could be efficient in folks.

Dr Maloney, Research Fellow, mentioned:

“We used a clever lab technique that allows scientists to provide a specific gene to cells that need it using specially engineered non-harmful viruses. This allowed us to directly alter the functioning of the mitochondria in the cells we treated, boosting their ability to produce energy which in turn helps protects them from cell damage.

“Excitingly, our results demonstrate that this OPA1-based gene therapy can potentially provide benefit for diseases like DOA, which are due to OPA1 mutations, and also possibly for a wider array of diseases involving mitochondrial dysfunction.”

Importantly, mitochondrial dysfunction causes issues in a suite of different neurological issues similar to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. The impacts step by step construct up over time, which is why many might affiliate such issues with ageing.

Professor Farrar, Research Professor, added:

“We are very excited by the prospect of this new gene therapy strategy, although it is important to highlight that there is still a long journey to complete from a research and development perspective before this therapeutic approach may one day be available as a treatment.

“OPA1 mutations are involved in DOA and so this OPA1-based therapeutic approach is relevant to DOA. However mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in many neurological disorders that collectively affect millions of people worldwide. We think there is great potential for this type of therapeutic strategy targeting mitochondrial dysfunction to provide benefit and thereby make a major societal impact. Having worked together with patients over many years who live with visual and neurological disorders it would be a privilege to play a role in a treatment that may one day help many.”

(This story has been printed from a wire company feed with out modifications to the textual content. Only the headline has been modified.)

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Your Fitness Goals And How They Affect Your Vision Improvement Goals

The advantages of train are important for wholesome dwelling. One of the advantages of train consists of an enchancment in your capacity to excel in sporting actions resembling soccer and basketball. Exercise offers us with the vitality that we’d like as a way to accomplish every day duties which might be vital to us in life. Some well being advantages of train embody the upkeep of wholesome blood strain ranges, higher work efficiency and an enchancment in mind operate. However, have you ever ever puzzled whether or not or not train helps to enhance your imaginative and prescient well being? Here is a few data that you’re going to discover helpful in making use of a health routine to your every day schedule that may allow you to enhance your imaginative and prescient naturally whereas bettering your normal well being.

Jogging: Jogging is a health routine that you may incorporate into your every day schedule. This is a type of train that may enable you to to enhance your blood strain and vitality ranges on the identical time. It is vital to take care of wholesome blood strain ranges as a consequence of the truth that a wholesome working cardiovascular system equals a wholesome working visible system. This is because of the truth that wholesome blood strain ranges will increase circulation to the blood vessels to the eyes. This can enhance the operate of the varied components of the visible system for higher imaginative and prescient well being. Jogging 5 occasions every week for about 20 minutes a day can allow you to perform your health objectives and your imaginative and prescient enchancment objectives on the identical time.

Running: Running is an train that lets you enhance your athletic efficiency and by together with this health routine in your every day schedule you can see that this train strengthens your cardiovascular system and even offers you with advantages which might be related to rejuvenation. This train improves the well being of your eyes. The varied components of the eyes resembling the attention lens and the vitreous humor operate in a well being full means while you preserve a constant health routine. If the attention lens shouldn’t be wholesome there’s a chance that you may develop issues related to poor eyesight as a consequence of the truth that sustaining a constant health routine helps to make sure that this explicit a part of the eyes stays clear.

The advantages of train consists of higher cardiovascular well being, an enchancment in vitality ranges and higher mind well being. These well being advantages additionally lengthen to bettering the well being of the varied components of the visible system for higher imaginative and prescient. By incorporating such a health routine into your every day schedule you’ll be able to do the issues that it is advisable do to take care of wholesome eyesight and cut back the chance of the event of imaginative and prescient well being issues.

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