Portugal announces new measures to contain second wave of pandemic – travel

Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa, after a seven-hour assembly of the Council of Ministers, introduced on Saturday new restrictive measures to contain the rise of Covid-19 circumstances within the nation, the place the “state of calamity” will stay till November 15.

Costa mentioned the new measures will probably be utilized from November 4 in 121 municipalities the place there are greater than 240 circumstances per 100,000 inhabitants for the previous 14 days.

“If we have nothing to do, we must stay at home,” mentioned the Prime Minister, including that exceptions will probably be for purchasing, bodily exercise, or offering help to the aged and disabled individuals.

All industrial institutions and providers, in addition to purchasing centres, should shut at 10 p.m, and eating places can permit a most of six individuals per desk (besides household teams) till the restrict of 10:30 p.m.

In the 121 municipalities thought of “risk areas,” it’s forbidden to maintain gala’s, celebrations, and different occasions that contain greater than 5 individuals, except they’re from the identical household.

“Teleworking becomes mandatory, unless there is a reasoned opposition from the worker and under the terms of teleworking regulations, which we already have in mind at the social consultation and which will shortly come into force,” added the Prime Minister.

As the world is struggling to contain the pandemic, nations together with France, China, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States are racing to discover a vaccine.

According to the web site of the World Health Organization, as of October 29, there have been 201 Covid-19 candidate vaccines being developed worldwide, and 45 of them had been in medical trials.

(This story has been revealed from a wire company feed with out modifications to the textual content.)

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Covid-19: As winter chill hints at a second wave, here’s why young people are at more risk, how paracetamol helps and other precautions – fitness

Covid-19: As winter chill hints at a second wave, here’s why young people are at more risk, how paracetamol helps and other precautions – fitness

As per an evaluation by the Union well being ministry, practically half the people who’ve died of Covid-19 are aged beneath 60 years. Dr Randeep Guleria, Director of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), not too long ago raised issues on how the rising air pollution combined with coronavirus an infection and lung issues can presumably result in critical penalties.

With Russia and the United Kingdom already experiencing a second wave of Covid-19, aggravated by winter, there is no such thing as a motive to dismiss the opportunity of the identical in India because the mercury dips. The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has warned Delhi of witnessing round 15,000 Covid-19 cases daily in winter due to the prevalence of respiratory illnesses during this season that worsen symptoms of the disease.

NCDC advisable that festivals like Durga Puja, Dussehra and Chhath be celebrated low key with little or no gathering. Since the vaccine for Covid-19 is more likely to develop into broadly obtainable solely by mid-2021, it is very important be educated concerning the right dosage of medicines, particularly paracetamol, for self-remedy required to treatment widespread signs of fever, chilly and physique pains within the winter flu season.

In an interview with Hindustan Times, Dr Ramakanta Panda, main cardiovascular thoracic surgeon and VC, Asian Heart Institute revealed, “Young people more at Covid-19 risk than ever before.” The danger is elevated by the truth that wholesome, young grownup inhabitants has began to journey and transfer about whereas ignoring fundamental precautions akin to steam inhalation, social distancing, carrying masks and utilizing a hand wash as they understand that they are not within the Covid -19 danger group.

“They may be a-symptomatic and unaware; transmitting the infection rapidly as they move about. They have undiagnosed diabetes and hypertension which is not being treated. Hence, they have a ‘latent’ risk that they’re completely unaware of. This is worse than a 60+ person who is aware of and hence being treated for diabetes and hypertension,” Dr Panda warned.

He stated that they are more more likely to be “asymptomatic and unaware; transmitting the infection rapidly as they move about, thus spreading Covid-19 to high risk groups within and outside the family.” Even as asymptomatic, there may be a danger of injury to lungs, hearts and other organs and their long run implications are nonetheless not clear.

“Since diabetes, hypertension and heart disease occur among Indians at a much younger age compared to western population, many young people are not diagnosed or treated. When they catch Covid-19, they will more likely have increased complications as well as difficulty to manage than an elderly person with the same disease but is already on treatment,” Dr Panda highlighted.

Though self-remedy will not be a advisable apply, when some people do, they don’t realise the significance of proper dosage and due to this fact are inclined to below-dose. In the encroaching winter flu season, dosing appropriately as advisable will assist in higher symptomatic management inside the security profile of the drug whereas below-dosing might end in concentrations too low to allow efficacy and present outcomes.

Paracetamol is among the hottest and broadly used medicines for the remedy of fever (antipyretic) and ache (analgesic). Dr. AK Gupta, Joint Secretary of Association for Prevention and Control of Rabies in India and Family Physician at New Delhi advised HT, “For an average Indian adult, Paracetamol 650mg is the optimal dose as compared to the 500 mg. It can be safely taken for faster and more effective relief from fever. Under-dosing with 500 mg may lead to delay in fever control and also may require frequent repetition of doses.”

Paracetamol may be taken each 4 to 6 hours as needed, with a most day by day dose of 4000 mg in any 24 hour interval and with a minimal 4-hour dosing interval however taking more capsules may result in overdosing/critical uncomfortable side effects. Dr Gupta added, “Treatment depends on the cause of your fever. It is therefore important to take the recommended dose for all medications, follow all instructions before taking them and take care of overall health by drinking enough liquids to prevent dehydration and get adequate rest. It is always advisable to consult your doctor to understand the underlying cause of your fever and the recommended treatment for the condition/disease.”

On the other hand, many of the knowledgeable research say that having been cured of coronavirus doesn’t imply that you simply are infective. Dr Panda shared, “Most likely the first 2 weeks are infective. Before joining work, depending on the extent of Covid-19 affliction on various parts of body, tests like ESR , CRP, Interleukin, D-Dimer, Lung function test, HRCT lungs and Echocardiography of Heart can be taken. Not everyone needs to get all of them done because Covid-19 is a spectrum disease and the person-to-person outcomes of this disease are so maddeningly variable.”

The winter chill makes people lock the doorways and home windows of their homes to remain cosy inside which will increase the degrees of stagnant air. This causes silent accidents contained in the physique and research have proven that the incidence of Covid-19 goes up on account of stagnant air indoors. Hence, minimizing cross air flow will not be advisable this winter season.

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